MBS has a significant library and collaborates with the most known journals of marine biology.

The most important series of journals are:
- Annales Scientifique University Iassy (Natural Science – section)
- Resherche marine, INCDM Constanta
- Travaux du Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle Grigore Antipa, Bucharest
- Marine biology
- Atlantic Oceanographic and Meteorological Laboratories
- Journal of Experimental Biology and Ecology
- Journal of Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom
- Rapports Commission Internationale de la Mer Mediterranee
- Oebalia

The archives hold important collections of photographs and scientific drawings. Donations of articles and collections related to the research activity of MBS (Lucretia Borcea, Sergiu Carausu, Aurelia Cararusu, Ion & Florica Porumb) of books, albums, photographs, works of art and correspondence enriched the value of library.